Glossary of Terms
American Bank Note Company
The value of the collectibles plus the prestige that the collector enjoys.
Print and seal a piece of metal with a stamp or die to convert it into a coin. Throughout history, different techniques have been applied to perform this operation. The first coins were made by introducing molten metal into a mold. Then the first hammered pieces appear.
It is said when a coin or part of it is poorly engraved.
It is the product of error of having inadvertently left the previously minted coin in one half of the stamp and which acts as a positive stamp or punch, printing a negative drawing on the new piece.
They are those that are made after the death of a king, sovereign or character, with the same stamps that had been used before his death.
Bird used in various currencies and bills around the world, some names also receive this name
What the collector has of his disposable income and the gestures of consumption to enlarge his collection
It is said to the union of two or more metals by fusion used for the manufacture of the metal with which the coins will be beaten later.
Art of transforming metals into currency.
It is that currency that does not carry any type of legend or inscription.
Silver coin and after fleece that ended up replacing the denarius during the decline of the Roman Empire.
The main face or side of the coins or medals intended as a general rule for the presentation of the most important iconographic types. It is the main side of the ticket. It usually has a date, signatures and numbering.
Almost without moving.
Roman coin minted in gold during the last years of the republic and the empire. Printed or engraved ID representing amounts of a certain currency.
Printed or engraved paper representing amounts of a certain currency.
Banknote with folds.
That the print shifts from the required margins.
Serial numbers follow in ascending or ascending order.
Revolutionary banknotes made on ordinary paper or notebook.
Contemporary two-metal coin.
Title value issued officially or personally and that promises to pay interest.
Besides being the name of the metal, some Greek and Roman coins of antiquity were also called that way.
Painted, sculpted, or minted representation from head to neck.
It is the thickness of the coin on its edge, in some cases it can be smooth but it is generally carved or with a legend.
Singing where the rim of the coin or medal is carved intermittently.
They are those coins that do not have any work on their edge.
Each of the flat surfaces of a coin called the Obverse and Reverse. Usually
Place where coins and medals are minted.
Type of heraldry, common in the coins of Spain
House, workshop or office where the coin is worked. The mint or locality where a certain coin was minted is indicated in some way along its surface.
A reddish-brown metal that has been minted together with gold and silver since the earliest times, a type of Roman coin is also known by this name.
Columnaries are a type of silver coin of the Spanish royal denomination, which were minted by the Hispanic Monarchy and its American territories between the years 1732 to 1773
Motif engraved on the edge of a coin to avoid counterfeiting and trimming, it can be embossed or hollow. It can be ribbed.
Metal disk arranged to receive the minting in the manufacture of coins. Word from the Latin verb "sculpere" that refers to the engraved metal disk also known by the term flan. They are not always circular.
Ancient emblem formed by two figures that are crossed and cut perpendicularly. The forms of the cross are very numerous, although they can be divided into pre - Christian and Christian.
The potentized cross is one, usually in the shape of a Greek cross, with the ends of the arms adorned with potencies, which are small pieces in the shape of the capital letter "T".
In theory it refers to the silver quarter of real, that is, 8 1/2 maravedíes. With Enrique IV de Castilla, in the case of Spanish coins.
Also known as a die. It is a piece of hardened steel in whose faces the symbols symbols are in hollow engravings.
Nickel copper alloy currently widely used for minting low value coins and current use.
Greek silver coin equal to 10 drachmas.
Order or resolution by which an issue is authorized.
It is the Roman currency par excellence. Its minting begins in the year 211 B.C. and its value was ten aces according to the Roman scale. The Roman silver denarius soon became the base currency of Mediterranean trade.
Sometimes one of the stamps was placed without exactly matching the flan. The resulting mintage will present an unengraved area and on the opposite side of it, part of the imprints will be missing. Frequent in coinage produced by mill.
Set of weights that was used to check the weight of the minted coins on the scale. D.
Name that has been given lately to the numismatic and trade meetings of bills and coins.
If a minted coin is minted and this second stamping does not exactly coincide with the first one except on the edge.
Generic name of the pieces of two gold shields that circulated throughout Spain and America between the 16th and 19th centuries.
The duchy is an ancient gold coin, minted in various countries in Europe and at various times.
Representation of the head to the neck (bust).
Put coins or bills into circulation, according to the different manufacturing techniques of their time.
Minting effected in exceptional circumstances of war.
Type of error in the coins, when there is excess of the minting metal in one of its parts.
Person whose job is to check the law of metals used in the manufacture of coins.
It is an error in a ticket that was left with another's ink.
Any anomaly in the minting of coins.
Any anomaly in the printing of tickets.
An error in a ticket with a different numbering from the other.
It is a number with all its digits in ascending or descending order.
Generic name given in the Middle and Modern ages to various gold and silver coins with a shield on one side.
They are printed when approving the colors and the final design to publicize the ticket and its original characteristics.
Part of a coin or medal intended for legends and mint name or abbreviations.
Numismatic type article, which was falsified at the same time of its issue.
An error in a ticket that a piece of it was missing, for being printed.
A small piece of cardboard or metal that is used as a currency in some business houses and industrial establishments. Also called a guitón.
They are the first pieces carved with new and not worn stamps and in this way the manufactured coins have their maximum beauty, clarity and quality. Few pieces are carved with them.
It is said of the currency that is equivalent to an exact fraction of the legal monetary unit. The one with the lowest value in relation to another or others in the same system.
An error in a banknote that has a fold in the paper.
Also called "emptied". This coin is the product of the casting of the metal in molds of refractory earth or baked clay. The primitive coins the "aes grave" or the "aes signatum", type of counterfeit coins.
Piece in state 5 of conservation.
Name to designate the 1979 thousand-peso bill, printed in Colombia.
Type of currency classified by the position of the stamps. If once you hold the coin between your thumb and forefinger, its reverse appears tilted to the left or right.
Way of referring to the coins struck minted (macuquinas).
The sculptor draws or incises the matrix mold for minting coins.
Small cartouche, usually dotted or line, that have the coins on their front or back.
Characteristic symbol in some Colombian and South American coins, referring to the fruit.
Tool used to cut the banknotes when they are in the sheets.
These coins are produced when a normal die is wrongly used to stamp a coin whose type does not correspond to it, resulting in the stamping of two different stamps.
Banknote Printing - Banco de la Republica
Banknote Printing - Bogotá
Banknote Printing - Santa Fe de Bogotá
Currency made by individuals imitating the legal or current
It is understood by the reproduction of a coin, in plaster, wax or even metal.
They are the coins that have been mistakenly minted in depth instead of in relief because a coin already wedged between the die and the flange had been interposed at the very moment of the stamping. It is also the result of the minting of the first coins.
Excessive circulation of paper money that is not convertible into minted currency.
Moneda o medalla, acuñada como recuerdo de proclamación de un soberano o soberana.
It is the process in which metals are rolled, which will later be converted into blanks.
Proportion of noble metal that contains the coin, linked with another of greater hardness.
Inscription engraved on the front, back or side of a coin.
Raw metal bar, which is generally cast and with high purity.
Ancient kingdom located in present-day Asia Minor, where the first coin is presumably minted.
Name to designate the Colombian medium weight banknote, from the years 1948 and 1953.
Letter to designate the mint of Medellín.
Irregular looking silver or gold coin with cut edges, also called hammer coins.
Banknote or coin that has been adulterated, in order to "improve" its state of preservation.
Spanish currency used between the 12th and 19th centuries AD. C., which was also used as a unit of account.
Sign engraved in the indicative currency of the issuing workshop. This use appears already in ancient currency and then in medieval currency, from the reign of the Catholic Monarchs
It is an error in the ticket with a leftover in the paper, generally due to a bad cut, it can be left blank, or with part of another ticket.
It is the mold or steel stamp that has the engraving of the coin in relief, in order to reproduce as many punches or dies as necessary.
Generic name given in antiquity to the currency. Piece minted without indication of value intended for commemoration.
Branch of numismatics that deals with the study of medals.
Name to designate the ten thousand peso bill from the years 1992, 1993 and 1994 printed in Colombia, with the image of a woman from the Emberá culture (its use is debated).
The diameter of a numismatic piece (measured in millimeters).
Piece of resistant material, weight and uniform composition, although the etymological origin of the word is still controversial, it is known to be a derivation of "moneta".
Coin minted to celebrate the start or anniversary of a specific event.
Term used to refer to any use of the currency, as a means of payment or exchange.
Synonym of anagram. Set of main letters of a single name forming a drawing or figure. Its use in coins dates back to antiquity.
Name to designate the gold coins of eight escudos, sixteen, and twenty Colombian pesos.
It should not be confused with the "test" or "stamp test" since the sample coin is the one that is taken at random to check and contrast the weight, it is also used in banknotes, as an identical banknote to the circulation one but generally with numbering "0" is given to prominent people in the banking field, synonymous with specimen
Letters designated to refer to the new format of Colombian banknotes from 2012, is known as the new family.
Metal used for coining very hard and not very oxidizable. Its chemical symbol is Ni. In Cuba, Puerto Rico and the United States, five cents.
Science derived from numismatics where paper coins are studied. (tickets, vouchers, bonds, promissory notes, checks, securities, etc.).
Number that identifies a ticket, a condition that makes it unique, unless an error occurs.
It is a number with three digits or less, different from the zeros that precede it.
Part of Archeology that deals with the study of coins and medals. This science can give invaluable testimony to the exchanges and the peoples' economy, as well as their political history.
Person who professes this science or has special knowledge in it. Belonger or relating to numismatics.
Greek silver coin. In medieval times it was the currency that half of a fleece money.
Name given to the workshop or mint in ancient Greece and the public and Roman Empire.
Ancient gold coin of 8 shields, also familiarly called "bull's eye" in ancient times. Weight weight equivalent to 1 of the 16 parts in which the pound is divided.
English weight measure used for precious metals and rhinestones equals 31.1 grams.
Copper and zinc alloy. In the high-empire era it was used to coin sesterces and dupondiums.
Monetizable precious metal par excellence for meeting all the requirements of a coin.
Letter to designate the mint of Popayán.
Name to designate the 1938 1 peso bill, printed in Colombia.
Species of varnish that metals acquire over time and that alter their surface appearance. The most characteristic is that of copper and bronze with brown and green colors. There are manufactured (false) patinas.
Denomination with which the coins of eight shields of Felipe V and Fernando VI are known.
Coin with a generally circular perforation.
This name is known to the European silver big pesos and is equivalent to the hard weight of eight silver reales. The value changed according to the country.
Legend indicating where the ticket was printed.
Ductile and malleable white precious metal heavier than copper and less than lead. Its chemical symbol is Ag.
Precious metal one of the heaviest and most appropriate for the manufacture of coins, but not very profitable due to its high value.
Precious metal one of the heaviest and most appropriate for the manufacture of coins, but not very profitable due to its high value.
Machine used to coin money, consisting of an iron or bronze box with a central screw.
English word indicating "Test". In numismatics it is used to indicate that coin that has had a particularly careful minting. These pieces are minted with careful selection of the blanks using specially polished dies.
Coin minted in special circumstances of metal shortage and whose characteristics reflect the precariousness of the situation. Of rough appearance, although some specimens are of great beauty. In banknotes it is applicable to those issued by necessity.
They are the initial sketches for the final design of a banknote. They can be in black and white or with different colors from those finally approved for the ticket.
Old used steel instrument for minting coins by hammer blow.
Very rare currency; it is normally associated with a high economic value.
The ticket series read from right to left is the same as when read from left to right.
To reseal a coin for a country other than the one that minted it to validate it in its territory.
Denomination applied to coins minted by the king. Refers to coins of various values and types according to date and time.
In order to reduce the weight and recover part of the metal, part of the flan was fraudulently cut following its same geometric shape. It is relatively common in medieval silver or gold coins. Term used to refer to a variety of a 5 peso banknote from Colombia, dated 1978.
Banknote cut semi-professionally with the intention of hiding previous damage.
Imprint that stands out on the plane of the coin or medal.
They are banknotes that are used to replace those that are damaged in the initial printing since the issue must be strict. Obviously there is no specific number of reruns for each issue
Second seal that is added to a coin in order to change its face value and / or expand its scope of circulation.
Term used to refer to a professionally renovated piece, altering its original characteristics as little as possible.
In coins and medals opposite face to the obverse. Secondary side of the coin where the shield and value may be engraved. It is the secondary side of the bill.
Moneda imaginaria de los griegos y romanos. También funciona como medida de peso.
Lugar donde se acuñaban monedas.
Thomas de la Rue and Company Limited.
Pedazo circular de oro en pasta.
Se denominan como tal la figura que se reproduce en el anverso y reverso de la moneda o medalla.
Número de piezas que se acuña de un tipo de monedas o serie durante un espacio de tiempo.
Nombre para designar el billete de 1 peso del Banco Nacional, emitido entre 1888 y 1895.
Sinónimo de cuño. Molde empleado en la acuñación de monedas. Es una pieza de acero que tiene grabado en hueco la figura de la moneda que se ha de acuñar.
Piece in new condition, uncirculated.
Technique used for the manufacture of coins, also called by casting.
It is the value that appears engraved or printed on the piece.
It is the one that results from the price in the market of the metal with which a coin is manufactured and will depend on its weight and grade.
Legal value of the currency or banknote.
Silver and copper garter that was formerly wrought in currency. This name is also given to the copper-brass alloy.
Piece in state 7 of conservation.
Piece in state 6 of conservation
Piece in state 8 of conservation.